Gartner believes that by 2020 organizations will share the hosting data in accordance with a combination of factors. Among them is the cool factor, the political factor and the logical factor. In its disclosure to Gartner used the term date residency (residency of data), to refer to the physical location of information.
For the vice president of research at Gartner, discussion of residence and sovereignty of data has grown in recent years, but this movement has stalled technological innovation in various organizations. The conflict would have emerged from the revelations of espionage made by the National Security Agency ( NSA ).
According to Gartner firm, IT leaders are stagnant in a discussion of residence data and there are several other stakeholders such as regulators, customers and the public. It is necessary to accept the residual risk and balance different risks.
Four types of location were identified by Gartner:
Physical Location: Historically, there has always been a relationship between security and proximity (the closer the company, data is more secure), even though it can be accessed remotely. Physical proximity is also a cultural issue, especially among regulators. For Gartner, the institutions must balance this risk with others.
Cool Location: Some yet unknown to this type of location refers to the person or organization that controls the data.
Location Policy: The data may be stored in another location because of the low cost of labor in that country, or considerations such as access requests of law enforcement, etc.
Location Logic: This type of situation would aim to join the others and is emerging force in international agreements of data processing, being determined by who has access to data. For example, think of a Indian company with a contract with a British subsidiary of an American cloud provider that maintains a data center in India. In this case, the legal location would be England, the United States policy, physics would be in India, but logically the data would still be in India.
For safety, all data stored in India and those in transit would have to be encrypted with keys in India. For Gartner firm, any type of location for data solves the problems of residence data, so Gartner firm believes in a “Hybrid Future”, where companies use different locations for storage.
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