The evolution of the terms “electronic governance” or “networked governance” must be seen as the crossroads of two major issues – e-Governance itself is the information revolution. The issue of “governance” has been under discussion for some time. The first trials of classical political science on the subject talked about the concept of “governability”, which made the rule of law that became the basis for the development.
The emergence of new e-Governance (Electronic Governance)s (information and communication technologies) also had a profound impact on the development of networked governance. e-Governance (Electronic Governance Services) has replaced two basic elements of production – the “work” and “capital” by “information” and “knowledge” for the first time in two centuries. The Internet has created the same break generated by the press in the fifteenth century.
It shapes the ability to communicate, share, distribute, exchange, formalize, and networking using the information at a speed never experienced before. The processing power of microchips is doubling every 18 months with a decreasing trend from 20 to 30% in prices for the quality setting of computers. This means that computers are getting cheaper, more powerful and present everywhere, enabling more to government networking and automation services. Moreover, political activism is also using the space with more public interest groups and community organizations or volunteers are spreading their needs and activities in the electronic network.
The principles of bureaucratic governance are being replaced by a trend of network governance horizontal, linear and dynamic. Administrative reform and development have lived TQM (Total Quality Management) in 80 years and “re-engineering and reinvention of government” in 90 years. The network of governance reflects this process of reinvention and re-engineering in governance and aims to adapt the administration to the flow of information increased, accelerating the process of decision making by optimizing resources and becoming self-regulatory mechanism decision-making. The concrete objective of this governance is to support and simplify governance for all parties – government, citizens and businesses.
Some say that this mode of network governance ” uses electronic media to support and stimulate good governance “. But what is meant by “good” is relative and varies significantly in practice and reality. For example, the quality and efficiency in all phases of the life-cycle of the law that are reflected in correctness, consistency, transparency and efficiency in transactions (the government). The network of governance is a radical shift from the traditional bureaucratic government. However, it may or may not promote good governance. ” It may serve to strengthen, as good or bad, effective and ineffective government practices or to introduce new “ways of doing business,” which involve social actors of the private sector with little interest in public affairs.
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