Port Security – Configuring and Monitoring Port Security
You can use the port security feature to restrict input to an interface by limiting and identifying MAC addresses of the workstations that are allowed to access the port. When you assign secure MAC addresses to a secure port, the port does not forward packets with source addresses outside the group of defined addresses. If you limit the number of secure MAC addresses to one and assign a single secure MAC address, the workstation attached to that port is assured the full bandwidth of the port.
If a port is configured as a secure port and the maximum number of secure MAC addresses is reached, when the MAC address of a workstation attempting to access the port is different from any of the identified secure MAC addresses, a security violation occurs.
Default Port Security Operation. The default port security setting for each port is off, or “continuous”. That is, any device can access a port without causing a security reaction.
Intruder Protection. A port that detects an “intruder” blocks the intruding device from transmitting to the network through that port.
Eavesdrop Protection. Using either the port-security command or the switch’s web browser interface to enable port security on a given port automatically enables eavesdrop prevention on that port.
General Operation for Port Security. On a per-port basis, you can configure security measures to block unauthorized devices, and to send notice of security violations. Once port security is configured, you can then monitor the network for security violations through one or more of the following:
Alert flags that are captured by network management tools such as
ProCurve Manager (PCM and PCM+)
Alert Log entries in the switch’s web browser interface
Event Log entries in the console interface
Intrusion Log entries in the menu interface, CLI, or web browser interface
For any port, you can configure the following:
Action: Used when a port detects an intruder. Specifies whether to send an SNMP trap to a network management station and whether to disable the port. Address Limit: Sets the number of authorized MAC addresses allowed on the port.
Learn-Mode: Specify how the port acquires authorized addresses.
Continuous: Allows the port to learn addresses from inbound traffic from any connected device. This is the default setting.
Limited-Continuous: Sets a finite limit (1 -32) to the number of learned addresses allowed per port.
Configuring and Monitoring Port Security
Static: Enables you to set a fixed limit on the number of MAC addresses authorized for the port and to specify some or all of the authorized addresses. (If you specify only some of the authorized
addresses, the port learns the remaining authorized addresses from the traffic it receives from connected devices.)
Configured: Requires that you specify all MAC addresses authorized for the port. The port is not allowed to learn addresses from inbound traffic.
Authorized (MAC) Addresses: Specify up to eight devices (MAC addresses) that are allowed to send inbound traffic through the port. This feature: Closes the port to inbound traffic from any unauthorized devices that are connected to the port. Provides the option for sending an SNMP trap notifying of an
attempted security violation to a network management station and, optionally, disables the port. (For more on configuring the switch for SNMP management, see “Trap Receivers and Authentication Traps” in the Management and Configuration Guide for your switch.)
Port Access: Allows only the MAC address of a device authenticated through the switch’s 802.1X Port-Based access control.
The image depicts Configuring and Monitoring Port Security
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